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Health Indicator Report of Injury - Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths

Motor vehicle travel is a major means of transportation in the United States, providing an unparalleled degree of mobility. Yet for all its advantages, motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death for age 11 and every age 16 to 24 in 2014. (Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 20052013 (Final File) and 2014 Annual Report File (ARF); National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES) 2005-2014) [http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812263.pdf]

Notes

Rates have been age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population.

Data Sources

  • [http://dphhs.mt.gov/publichealth/Epidemiology/OESS-VS Office of Vital Statistics, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services]
  • Montana Population Estimates: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm The population data are Bridged Race Population Estimates], produced by the National Center for Health Statistics.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/].

Data Interpretation Issues

Statistical Stability Statistical stability, reported in the data table, is based on a statistic called the "Relative Standard Error," or RSE, which is the standard error expressed as a proportion of the point estimate (e.g., 30% of the point estimate). The following conventions are used here to interpret the RSE. A dash (-) means that the relative standard error (RSE) is below 0.30 and the count or rate may be considered stable. Problems with statistical instability typically occur when there is a small number of health events in a small population. For more information on statistical stability, visit the MT-IBIS Reliability & Validity page [http://ibis.mt.gov/resource/ReliabilityValidity.htm]l.

Definition

The number of unintentional injury deaths due to motor vehicle crashes per 100,000 population.

Numerator

The number of motor vehicle crash-related unintentional injury deaths per year

Denominator

The mid-year estimated population.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths: Deaths per 100,000 population

U.S. Target: 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population

Evidence-based Practices

"Use of child safety seats and safety belts and deterrence of alcohol-impaired driving are among the most important preventive measures to reduce motor vehicle-related injuries and deaths."(1) Recommended interventions for child safety seats include laws mandating their use, distribution of safety seats, community-wide education, enhanced enforcement, and incentive programs. Recommended interventions for seat belt use primary (versus secondary) laws mandating their use and enhanced enforcement programs. Recommended interventions for alcohol-impaired driving include 0.08% alcohol concentration laws, lower blood-alcohol content laws for young or inexperienced drivers, minimum legal drinking age laws, publicized sobriety checkpoint programs, mass media campaigns, ignition interlocks, and school-based instructional programs. For more information on the above interventions, please visit, [http://www.thecommunityguide.org]. (1) Motor Vehicle-Related Injury Prevention, downloaded from The Community Guide website, [http://www.thecommunityguide.org/mvoi/index.html], on 10/8/2013.
Page Content Updated On 05/22/2016, Published on 06/07/2016
The information provided above is from the Office of Epidemiology and Scientifict Support, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services MT-IBIS web site (http://dphhs.mt.gov/). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 18 January 2021 15:35:13 from Office of Epidemiology and Scientific Support, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Indicator-Based Public Healt Information System for Public Health Web site: http://dphhs.mt.gov/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 29 Jun 2018 18:26:37 MDT